Water is the most essential commodity needed for the survival of al organisms. Water that is clean and safe for consumption is vital for the health, hygiene, and productivity of a community. However, surging industrialization, urbanization, and voracious human activities have contaminated the environment to an unprecedented level, including natural water resources.
Typically, surface water, such as from rivers, lakes, streams, etc., contains more pollutants and sediments than groundwater. The water from these sources needs more treatment before it is suitable to be used, with the type of water entering the treatment plant deciding the type of treatments that would be needed to make the water safe for consumption. Groundwater, which is the other main source of water, is not directly affected by environmental contamination. Other than the source, the quality of water is gauged on the basis of hardness, alkalinity, pH, and total dissolved solids (TDS), which decide the type and quantity of chemicals needed for removing contaminants.
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What does Water Treatment Involve?
The field of water treatment and the chemicals and technology required for the same is a combination of science, business, and engineering. Water treatment can comprise a wide array of mechanical, biological, physical, and chemical methods. As with any technological process, scientific data is the basis for the process and engineering techniques oversee that the technology functions as per the requirement. Thus, it can be said that the basic principles of water treatment are largely the same, with slight variations depending on the type of water to be purified
Water treatment involves a chain of standard processes, each of which requires a specific apparatus and chemical agents to carry out the process. The elements of a typical water treatment process are coagulation, sedimentation, filtration, disinfection, sludge drying, fluoridation, and pH correction.
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Government Funding of Great Help to Water Treatment Chemicals and Technology Market
In the interest of eradication of water-borne diseases, accredited agencies such as the World Health Organization and several government bodies are making efforts to provide clean and safe drinking water to the population across the globe. Such undertakings hold promise for industrial processes such as commercial water treatment units.
The global water treatment chemicals and technology market is expected to display a modest 3.8% CAGR from 2013 to 2018. The market, which generated a revenue of US$115.7 bn in 2011, is expected to generate a revenue of US$149.6 bn in 2018.
According to a recent market study, here is the analysis of the various factors that have a bearing on the global market for water treatment chemicals and technology: